Traineeships, linking employment and education


Antti Reinsalo
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Part One

TNAM Initiative / project description


Traineeships, linking employment and education



The Europe 2020 (EU2020) strategy was launched in March 2010 as the EU’s strategy for promoting smart, sustainable and inclusive growth for the period 2010-2020. It identifies three key drivers for growth, to be implemented through concrete actions at EU and national levels, one of them is about inclusive growth, raising participation in the labour market and reducing poverty.

Youth on the Move is a comprehensive package of policy initiatives aiming at improving young people’s education and employability, in order to reduce high youth unemployment and to increase the youth-employment rate – in line with the wider EU target of achieving a 75% employment rate for the working-age population (20-64 years) – by:

•    making education and training more relevant to young people’s needs;
•    encouraging more of them to take advantage of EU grants to study or train in another country;
•    encouraging EU countries to take measures simplifying the transition from education to work.
In the implementation of the Youth On the Move initiative, the EU has set the frame and provided some funding for the youth guarantee to facilitate young people’s transition from education to the labour market in member states. Nevertheless at national level there are still some challenges to overcome before the full implementation of the youth guarantees. A proper monitoring of how the Youth Guarantee needs to be implemented is needed to ensure the respect of the main principles defined in the recommendation adopted by the Council in February 2013.

An agenda for new skills and jobs has the objective of creating the right conditions to modernise labour markets and to allow people to acquire new skills in order to raise employment levels and to ensure the sustainability of our social models. The concrete actions to be taken include the implementation of the Strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training “ET 2020”, the acquisition and recognition of learning throughout general, vocational, higher and adult learning, and the implementation of the European Qualifications Framework. There is an Open Method of Coordination (OMC) thematic working group (TWG) for the ET2020 Strategy in place which tackles the topics Vocational education and training, with an initial focus on apprenticeships and work-based learning, as key elements of overall VET systems.

In its Communication “Taking stock of the Europe 2020 strategy”, the Commission’s assessment of the flagship was particularly negative: its impact at macroeconomic level was limited, the awareness of the flagship has been hampered, and also its link with the European Semester, including the Country Specific Recommendations, has been limited.

There is also an implementation gap between the recommendations set in the Growth Survey and CSRs and the decisions made by Member States. In the 2014 Annual Growth Survey the Commission considers that “in terms of expenditure, Member States need to find ways to protect or promote longer term investment in education, research, innovation, energy and climate action” and that “it is essential to invest in the modernisation of education and training systems, including lifelong learning, in particular dual learning schemes, and to facilitate the transition from school to work, notably by increasing the availability of good quality traineeships or apprenticeships.”. Education and training are mentioned in all 2014 country specific recommendations made to Member States (except the Netherlands – see table).

There is an Open Method of Coordination (OMC) thematic working group (TWG) for the ET2020 Strategy in place which tackles the topics Vocational education and training, with an initial focus on apprenticeships and work-based learning, as key elements of overall VET systems.
In ADAM 6713 projects can be found when entering the search term traineeships, linking employment and education.

Keywords / TAGS
traineeship, employment, education

Coordinator contact details


Coordinator Country


Coordinator Region (NUTS code)





  • Continuous training
  • Enterprise and SMEs
  • Higher Education
  • Labour market
  • Lifelong learning

Target Groups

  • Individuals
  • Teachers
  • Trainers
  • Careers officers
  • Non teaching administrative staff


  • Best practice
  • Methods for Training of Teachers/Staff
  • European Qualification Framework
  • Inclusion of all in Lifelong Learning


  • Education

Educational sector

  • Higher education
  • Centres for guidance, counselling or accreditation


additional info if needed


Your Project language (ISO 639-2)
Languages you will look for

Part Two

TNAM results

1. LLP project or related resource

    The STORY project aims to improve the accessibility and quality of international placements and to increase the awareness regarding the existence of such opportunities for youth. This will happened through a research on the issue and an online platform, in order to enhance students’ international opportunities on the European job market.

2. LLP project or related resource

    Euroapprenticeship (FREREF)
    EuroApprenticeship is a network of more than 250 competent bodies, intermediate organisations and Vocational Education and Training (VET) providers, which organise “in company learning mobility” or provide expertise, information, help and support to learning mobility projects for the benefit of SMEs, Skilled Crafts Companies, of apprentices and young people in work-based learning and training systems.

3. LLP project or related resource


4. LLP project or related resource


Part Three

CB4LLP Action Plan

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Educational Sector

Non educational


Systems for quality monitoring

Systems to document taken actions

Part Four

CB4LLP Impact analysis

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